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Magnet research takes giant leap

Friday April 10th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
Researchers pushing the limits of magnets as a means to create faster electronics published their proof of concept findings today, April 10, in the journal Science.

Extra-tropical Cyclone Harold caught by NASA's Terra Satellite

Friday April 10th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
NASA's Terra satellite passed over the Southern Pacific Ocean and captured a visible image of extra-tropical cyclone Harold.

Discovery of a mechanism plants use to toggle on photosynthesis chosen by top journal

Friday April 10th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
A research team led by a Washington State University professor has developed a new tool to study how lipids interact with proteins in plants to help understand how photosynthesis happens.

PARP inhibitor drugs can be 'tuned' for better killing of tumor cells

Friday April 10th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
A prospective 'PARP inhibitor' drug that has struggled to show effectiveness in clinical trials against cancers can be structurally modified to greatly increase its power to kill tumor cells, researchers from Penn Medicine report this week in Science.

Should infants be separated from COVID-19-positive mothers?

Friday April 10th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
In a new commentary, Alison Stuebe, MD, President of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine, addresses the risks and benefits of separating infants from COVID-19-positive mothers following birth.

USDA-ARS scientists find new tool to combat major wheat disease

Friday April 10th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists and their colleagues have discovered a gene that can be used to develop varieties of wheat that will be more resistant to a disease that is a major threat both overseas and to the nation's $10 billion annual wheat crop.

Hair surface engineering to be advanced by nano vehicles

Friday April 10th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
'Hair surface engineering: modification of fibrous materials of biological origin using functional ceramic nano containers', a project headed by Rawil Fakhrullin, is supported by the Russian Science Foundation.

A new strategy to create 2D magnetic order

Friday April 10th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
Scientists based in China discover the spin-valve magnetoresistance at the ferromagnetic SrRuO3 grain boundary owing to the nature of non-magnetic metallic grain boundary revealed by electron microscopy and first principles calculations, providing a new strategy to create the low-dimensional magnetic order via defect engineering.

Psychology research: Vaccine skeptics actually think differently than other people

Friday April 10th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
As vaccine skepticism has become increasingly widespread, two researchers in the Texas Tech University Department of Psychological Sciences have suggested a possible explanation. In an article published recently in the journal Vaccine, Mark LaCour and Tyler Davis suggest some people find vaccines risky because they overestimate the likelihood of negative events, particularly those that are rare.

Single-electron pumping in a ZnO single-nanobelt transistor

Friday April 10th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
Diluted magnetic semiconductors (DMSs) have traditionally been employed to implement spin-based quantum computing and quantum information processing. However, their low Curie temperature creates the necessity for wide bandgap DMSs operating at room temperature. Now researchers from Institute of Physics have built a single-electron transistor (SET) with a global back-gate using a wide bandgap ZnO nanobelt. Clear Coulomb oscillations and accurate single -electron pumping were achieved, which are useful for quantum computing and quantum information.

Ion channel VRAC enhances immune response against viruses

Friday April 10th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
VRAC/LRRC8 chloride channels do not only play a decisive role in the transport of cytostatics, amino acids and neurotransmitters. They can also transport the important messenger substance cGAMP from cell to cell and thus strengthen the immune response to infections with DNA viruses. Since cGAMP is always formed when cells detect DNA outside their nucleus, the discovery is potentially of great importance also for other pathologies such as cancer.

Ants or plants? Evolutionary diversification factors of aphids

Friday April 10th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
The plant-feeding insect aphids are thought to have diversified by shifting their host plants to other closely related plant species. However, the aphid Stomaphis established not only association with host plants but also mutualistic relationship with ants. The team examined that the relative importance of host plants and mutualistic partners in their diversification and found the unusual evolutionary pattern in aphids.

Light driven proton pump in distant relative

Friday April 10th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
Researchers investigated the group of microorganisms classified as Asgard archaea, and found a protein in their membrane which acts as a miniature light-activated pump. The schizorhodopsin protein draws protons into the organisms' body. This research could lead to new biomolecular tools to control the pH in cells or microorganisms, and possibly more.

What is the origin of water on Earth?

Friday April 10th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
Led by Cédric Gillmann -- Université libre de Bruxelles, ULB, funded by the EoS project ET-HoME, a team of researchers demonstrate that the water we are now enjoying on Earth has been there since its formation. Published on Nature Geoscience, this idea has very deep implications in terms of habitability of ancient Earth, Venus and Mars, as it suggests that planets likely formed with their near-full budget in water, and slowly lost it with time.

Development of new photovoltaic commercialization technology

Friday April 10th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
A technology to further accelerate the commercialization of Colloidal Quantum Dot(CQD) Photovoltaic(PV) devices, which are expected to be next-generation photovoltaic devices, has been developed.

Belgian scientists identify ATP10B as novel risk gene for Parkinson's disease

Friday April 10th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
Screening DNA of Parkinson's patients in the Christine Van Broeckhoven laboratory (VIB-UAntwerpen Center for Molecular Neurology) identified a new risk gene for Parkinson's disease. Mutations in ATP10B resulted in loss of ATP10B protein. The function of the ATP10B gene was revealed by the Peter Vangheluwe lab (KU Leuven, Laboratory of Cellular Transport Systems). They identified ATP10B as a transporter for glucosylceramide, a lipid that plays a central role in Parkinson's disease.

Large majority of Washington state's heroin users want to reduce use

Friday April 10th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
A new survey of people who inject illicit drugs in the state of Washington yields positive and important findings for policy makers as the world struggles to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic.

New paper points out flaw in Rubber Hand Illusion raising tough questions for psychology

Friday April 10th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
A world-famous psychological experiment used to help explain the brain's understanding of the body, as well as scores of clinical disorders, has been dismissed as not fit-for-purpose in a new academic paper from the University of Sussex.

Technique offers path for biomanufacturing medicines during space flights

Friday April 10th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
Research published today in Nature Microgravity used an Earth-bound simulator of the space station instrument to grow E. coli, demonstrating that it can be nurtured with methods that promise to be more suitable for space travel than existing alternatives.

A novel Li-ion superconductor makes possible an era of safe battery

Friday April 10th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
Dr. Hyoungchul Kim's research team, from the Center for Energy Materials Research at the Korea Institute of Science and Technology(KIST), have successfully developed a sulfide-based superionic conductor that can be used to a high-performance solid electrolyte in all-solid-state batteries. This new material delivers the Li-ion conductivity of 10.2 mS/cm at room temperature and is comparable to that of liquid electrolytes used for typical Li-ion batteries.


Last updated April 5, 2020