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College students with disabilities at greater risk for substance abuse

Monday September 21st, 2020 04:00:00 AM
College students with physical and cognitive disabilities use illicit drugs more, and have a higher prevalence of drug use disorder, than their non-disabled peers, according to a Rutgers study.

Recurrent heart attacks on the decline, yet risk remains high

Monday September 21st, 2020 04:00:00 AM
After surviving a heart attack, the proportion of patients experiencing a repeat attack within a year fell between 2008 and 2017, with the greatest decline in women. Despite the improvement, the rate of recurrent heart attacks, or artery-opening procedures, heart failure hospitalizations and deaths within a year remain high in heart attack survivors. Steps should be taken to ensure that men and women receive the risk-lowering care recommended in professional guidelines.

Key discovery in psoriatic arthritis points way for developing targeted treatments

Monday September 21st, 2020 04:00:00 AM
The strongest evidence yet of a single cause for psoriatic arthritis has been discovered by researchers. The disease may be activated by the same trigger in different patients which, if identified, could move towards creating therapies that would prevent psoriatic arthritis, and potentially providing a cure.

Why there is no speed limit in the superfluid universe

Monday September 21st, 2020 04:00:00 AM
Physicists from Lancaster University have established why objects moving through superfluid helium-3 lack a speed limit; exotic particles that stick to all surfaces in the superfluid.The discovery may guide applications in quantum technology, even quantum computing, where multiple research groups already aim to make use of these unusual particles.

The right formula for scaling production of promising material to decontaminate water

Monday September 21st, 2020 04:00:00 AM
An international team of researchers have found a way to refine and reliably produce an unpredictable and hard-to-control material that could impact environmental conservation, energy and consumer electronics. The material, Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2), holds tremendous potential for numerous applications in energy storage, water treatment, gas, chemical and light sensing.

Minorities suffer most from COVID-19 in nursing homes, assisted living communities

Monday September 21st, 2020 04:00:00 AM
Older racial and ethnic minority residents and their caregivers bear the severest brunt from COVID-19 across the entire spectrum of US nursing homes and assisted living communities, University of Rochester Medical Center researchers report in two groundbreaking studies in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Scientists advance understanding of blood-brain barrier health

Monday September 21st, 2020 04:00:00 AM
in a study with potential impacts on a variety of neurological diseases, Virginia Tech researchers have provided the first experimental evidence from a living organism to show that an abundant, star-shaped brain cell known as an astrocyte is essential for blood-brain barrier health.

Jellyfish with your chips?

Monday September 21st, 2020 04:00:00 AM
Jellyfish could replace fish and chips on a new sustainable takeaway menu to help keep threatened species off the plate. University of Queensland researchers found 92 endangered and 11 critically endangered species of seafood were caught in oceans around the world after analysing global industrial fishing records.

Study shows vitamin E needed for proper nervous system development

Monday September 21st, 2020 04:00:00 AM
- In research with key ramifications for women of childbearing age, scientists show that embryos produced by vitamin E-deficient zebrafish have malformed brains and nervous systems.

European survey shows alarmingly low awareness of erectile dysfunction

Monday September 21st, 2020 04:00:00 AM
Awareness of erectile dysfunction (ED) is alarmingly low in men and women aged 20 to 70, a new survey commissioned by the European Association of Urology (EAU) has revealed. A majority of the respondents do not know what ED exactly entails, and one in four has never heard of any of the seven most common treatments for ED.

Black women may be less likely to receive timely treatment for breast cancer

Monday September 21st, 2020 04:00:00 AM
New research suggests that Black women experience longer waits for treatment initiation than white women after a breast cancer diagnosis, and their duration of treatment is prolonged. The findings are published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society (ACS).

COVID-19 and the decolonization of Indigenous public health

Monday September 21st, 2020 04:00:00 AM
Indigenous self-determination, leadership and knowledge have helped protect Indigenous communities in Canada during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, and these principles should be incorporated into public health in future, argue the authors of a commentary in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) http://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.200852.

Spike in new nut anaphylaxis in children at Halloween and Easter

Monday September 21st, 2020 04:00:00 AM
A new study looking at the link between peanut and tree-nut anaphylaxis in children and holidays found spikes at Halloween and Easter. The study, published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) found that most were previously unknown allergies, calling for increased awareness http://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.200034.

Your cells look young for their age, compared to a chimp's

Sunday September 20th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
Many humans live to see their 80s, some even reach 100. But chimpanzees rarely make it past 50, despite sharing 99% of our genetic code. While modern medicine has added years to human lifespans, a study points to a more ancient explanation why humans are the long-lived primate. Part of the secret to human longevity may lie in chemical changes to our DNA that slowed the rate of aging after human ancestors diverged from chimps.

Male baboons with female friends live longer

Sunday September 20th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
Opposite-sex friendships can have non-romantic benefits. And not just for people, but for our primate cousins, too. A 35-year study of 542 baboons finds that males that have close female friends have higher rates of survival. Previous studies have assumed that males befriend females to protect their offspring, or to boost their chances of mating later on. But the new study points to an additional benefit: female friends may help them live a longer life.

ESMO 2020: Breast cancer drug set to transform prostate cancer treatment

Sunday September 20th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
A drug used to treat breast and ovarian cancer can extend the lives of some men with prostate cancer and should become a new standard treatment for the disease, concludes a major trial which is set to change clinical practice.

No benefit for post-operative radiotherapy in non-small-cell lung cancer

Sunday September 20th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
Post-operative radiotherapy (PORT) used in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) following complete resection and after (neo) adjuvant chemotherapy shows no statistically significant difference in 3-year disease-free survival (DFS), according to data presented at ESMO 2020. These results give the oncology community a long-awaited answer.

First new drug in years reduces recurrence in high risk HR+ early breast cancer

Sunday September 20th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
Lugano, Switzerland, 20 September 2020 - Adding abemaciclib to hormonal therapy reduces the risk of cancer recurrence by 25% in patients with high-risk early hormone receptor positive (HR+) human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative (HER2-) breast cancer, according to results from a study at ESMO 2020.

PARPi olaparib for the targeted treatment of metastatic prostate cancer

Sunday September 20th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
Results from the PROfound phase III study open up a new treatment avenue for the more precise and effective treatment of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) whose disease has progressed with hormonal therapy.

Study links higher level of exercise to 25% to 32% lower risk of all-cause mortality in people with type 2 diabetes

Sunday September 20th, 2020 04:00:00 AM
New research presented at this year's Annual Meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), held online this year, shows that having a greater exercise capacity is associated with a significantly decreased all-cause mortality risk of between 25-33% in people with type 2 diabetes (T2D).


Last updated September 20, 2020